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2017职称英语理工B补全短文模拟题及答案



时间:2017-05-20 08:12来源: 教育网作者:好学网 点击:[打印本页] [收藏本页]字体: [ ]

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  本文摘要:第5部分:补全短文(第46-'50题,每题2分,共10分) 下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其 分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。 Androids Computers are now powerful enough to allow the age of humanoid robots to c...

      第5部分:补全短文(第46"-'50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其

  分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。

  Androids

  Computers are now powerful enough to allow the age of humanoid robots to come. And it won't be long before we will see realistic cyber companions, complete with skin, dexterity ( 灵敏),and intelligence. They will be programmed to tend to your every need.

  Will we ever want to marry robots? Artificial intelligence researcher David Levy has published a book claiming human-robot relationships will become popular in the next few decades.

  ___________ (46)Will humans really be able to form deep emotional attachments to machines? It will, in fact, be relatively easy to form these strong attachments because the human mind loves to give human attributes to other creatures--even objects.

  For example, researchers in San Diego recently put a small humanoid robot in with a toddler playgroup for several months. ___________ (47) The children ended up treating it as a fellow toddler. When it lay down because its batteries were flat, the kids even covered it with a blanket.

  In a few decades, when humanoid robots with plastic skin look and feel very real, will people want to form relationships with them? What if the bots could hold a conversation? And be programmed to be the perfect companions--soul mates, even? ___________ (48) And like those toddlers in the experiment, they will be very accepting of them.

  The next question, then, is whether there is anything wrong with having an emotional relationship with a machine. Even today there are people who form deep attachments to their pets and use them as substitutes for friends or even children. Few consider that unethical (不和伦理的,不道德的 ) . ___________ (49) For those who always seem to.end up marrying the wrong man or woman, a robotic Mr. or Ms. Right could be mighty tempting. As the father of artificial intelligence,Marvin Minsky, put it when asked about the ethics of lonely older people forming close relationships with robots: "If a robot had all the virtues of a person and was smarter and more understanding, why would the elderly bother talking to other bad-tempered old people?"

  A robot could be programmed to be as dumb or smart, as independent or subservient(服从的),as an owner desired. And that's the big disadvantage. Having the perfect robot partner will damage the ability to form equally deep human-human relationships. People will always seem imperfect in comparison. When you're behaving badly, a good friend will tell you. ___________ (50) People in relationships have to learn to adapt to each other: to enjoy their common interests and to deal with their differences. It makes us richer, stronger, and wiser. A robot companion will be perfect at the start. However, there will be nothing to move the relationship to grow to greater heights.

  A. It's easier to have a robot companion instead of a human friend.

  B. But a sophisticated robot will probably be even more attractive.

  C. And if you want to go ahead and tie the knot with your special electronic friend, Levy said that such marriages will be socially acceptable by around 2050.

  D. However, few owners will program their robots to point out their flaws.

  E. Maybe your generation could resist, but eventually there will be a generation of people who grow up with humanoid robots as a normal part of life.

  F. The robot knew each child because it was programmed with face and voice recognition.

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