好学若饥 - 让我们共同前行!

好学网



当前位置: 好学网首页 > 外语 > 英语四六级 >

2017大学英语六级考试真题及参考答案(3)

时间:2018-05-28 16:51来源:好学网 作者:haoxuee 点击:
[O] Children were not always raised so differently The achievement gap between children from high- and low-income families is 30 percent t0 40 percent larger among children born in 2001 than those bo

[O] Children were not always raised so differently The achievement gap between children from high- and low-income families is 30 percent t0 40 percent larger among children born in 2001 than those born 25 years earlier, according to Mr Reardon's research People used to live near people of different income levels;neighborhoods are now more segregated by income More than a quarter of children live in single-parent households - a historic high, according to Pew - and these children are three times as likely to live in poverty as those who live with married parents Meanwhile, growing income inequality has coincided with the increasing importance of a college degree for earning a middle-class wage

[P] Yet there are recent signs that the gap could be starting to shrink In the past decade, even as income inequality has grown, some of the socioeconomic differences in parenting, like reading to children and going to libraries, have narrowed

36. Working-class parents teach their children to be obedient and show respect to adults.

参考答案:G

37. American parents, whether rich or poor, have similar expectations of their children despite different ways of parenting.

参考答案:F

38. while rich parents are more concerned with their children’s psychological well-being, poor parents are more worried about their children’s safety.

参考答案:C

39. The increasing differences in child rearing between rich and poor families reflect growing social inequality.

参考答案:D

40. Parenting approaches of working-class and affluent families both have advantages.

参考答案:G

41. Higher-income families and working-class families tend to live in different neighborhoods.

参考答案:M

42. Physical punishment is used much less by well-educated parents.

参考答案:K

43. Ms. Lareau doesn’t believe participating in fewer after-class activities will negatively affect children’s development.

参考答案:H

44. Wealthy parents are concerned about their children’s mental health and busy schedules.

参考答案:B

45. Some socioeconomic differences in child rearing have shrunk in the past ten years.

参考答案:P

Questions 46 t0 50 are based on the following passage.

Open data-sharers are still in the minority in many fields,Although many rescarechers broadly agree that public access to raw data would accelerate science- because other scientists might be able to make advances not foreseen by the data's producers -most are reluctant to post the results of their own labours online (see Nature 461, 160-163; 2009) When Wolkovich, for instance, went hunting for the data from the 50 studies in her meta-analysis, only 8 data sets were available online, and many of the researchers whom she e-mailed refused to share their work Forced to extract data from tables or flgures in publications,Wolkovich's team could conduct only limited analyses

Some communities have agreed to share online - geneticists, for example, post DNA sequences at the GenBank repository, and astronomers are accustomed to accessing images of galaxies and stars from, say,the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, a telescope that has observed some 500 million objects - but these remain the exception, not the rule Historically, scientists have objected to sharing for many reasons: it is a lot of work; until recently, good databases did not exist; grant funders were not pushing for sharing; it has been difficult to agree on standards for formatting data and the contextual information called metadata; and there

is no agreed way to assign credit for data

But the barriers are disappearing in part because journals and funding agencies worldwide are encouraging scientists to make their data public. Last year, the Royal Society in London said in its report Science as an Open Enterprise that scientists need to shift away from a research culture where data is viewed as pricate preserve " Funding agencies note that data paid for with public money should be public information, and the scientific community is recognizing that data can now be shared digitally in ways that were not possible before To match the growing demand, services are springing up to make it easier to publish research products online and enable other researchers to discover and cite them

Although exhortations to share data often concentrate on the moral advantages of sharing, the practice is not purely altruistic Researchers who share get plenty of personal benefits.including more connections with colleagues,improved visibility and increased citations The most successful sharers - those whose data are downloaded and cited the most often - get noticed, and their work gets used For example, one of the most popular data sets on multidisciplinary repository Dryad is about wood density around the world; it has been downloaded 5,700 times. Co-author Amy Zanne, a biologist at George Washington University in Washington DC, thinks that users probably range from climate-change researchers wanting to estimate how much carbon is stored in biomass, to foresters looking for information on different grades of' timber "I would much prefer to have my data used by the maximum number of people to ask their own questions," she says "It's important to allow readers and reviewers to see exactly how you arrive at your results Publishing data and code allows your science to be reproducible "

46 What do many researchers generally accept?

A It is imperative to protest scientist' patents

B Repositories are essential to scientitle research

C Open data sharing is most important to medical science

D.Open data sharing is conducive to scientific advancement

47 What is the attitude of most researchers towards making their own data public?

A Opposed

B Ambiguous

C Liberal

D Neutral

48 According to the passage, what might hinder open data sharing"

A The fear of massive copying

B The lack of a research culture(责任编辑:haoxuee)

      学友请扫描下方二维码,或微信搜索公众号 haoxueecom 获取更多学习生活资讯!
     好学网微信公众号

赞一个
(0)
0%
嘘一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------