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2017大学英语六级考试真题及参考答案(4)



时间:2018-05-28 16:51来源:好学网 作者:haoxuee 点击:
C.The belief that resacrch is private intellectual property D. The concern that certain agencies may make a profit out of it 49 What helps lift some of the barriers to open data sharing? A The ever-g

C.The belief that resacrch is private intellectual property

D. The concern that certain agencies may make a profit out of it

49 What helps lift some of the barriers to open data sharing?

A The ever-growing demand for big data

B The advantage of digital technology

C The changing attitude of journals and funders.

D The trend of social and economic development.

50 Dryad serves as an example to show how open data sharing ___

A is becoming increasingly popular

B benefits shares and users alike

C makes researchers successful

D saves both money and labor

Passage two

Question 51 t0 55 are based on the following passage.

Beginning in the late sixteenth century, it became fashionable for young aristocrats to visit Europe and above all Rome, as the culmination(终极) of their classical education Thus the idea of the Grand Tour was born, a practice which introduced Englishmen, Germans, Scandinavians, and also Americans to the art and

culture of France and Italy for the next 300 years.Travel was arduous and costly throughout the period.possible only for a privileged class the same that produced gentlemen scientists authors antique experts and patrons of the arts.

The Grand Tourist was typically a young man with a thorough background in Greek and Latin literature as well as some leisure time some means and some interest in art.The German traveler Johann Winckelmann pioneered the field of art history with his comprehensive study of Greek and Roman sculpture.he was portrayed by his friend Anton Raphael Mengs at the beginning of his long residence in Rome.Most Grand Tourist however stayed for briefer periods and set out with souvenirs of their travels as well as an understanding of art and architecture formed by exposure to great masterpieces.

Since there were few museums anywhere in Eurpe before the end of the 18th century Grand Tourists often saw paintings and sculptures by gaining admission to private collections. and many were eager to acquire examples of Greco-Roman and Italian art for their own collections In England, where

architecture was increasingly seen as an aristocratic pursuit, noblemen often applied what they learned from the villas of Palladio in Veneto and the evocative ruins of Rome to their own country houses and gardens

51 What is said about the Grand Tour?

A)It was fashionable among young people of the time

B)It was unaffordable for ordinary people

C)It produced some famous European artists

D)It made a compulsory part of college education

52 What did Grand Tourists have in common?

A)They had much geographic knowledge

B)They were courageous and venturesome

C)They were couragcous and venturesome

D)They had enough travel and outdoor-life experience

53 How did Grand Tourists benefit from their travel?

A)They found inspiration in the world's greatest masterpieces

B)They got a better understanding of early human civilization

C)They developed an interest in the origin of modern art forms

D)They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture

54 Why did many Grand Tourists visit the private collections?

A)They could buy unique souvenirs there to take back home

B)Europe hardly had any museums before 19th century

C)They found the antiques there more valuable

D)Private collections were of greater variety

55 How dis the Grand Tour influence the architecture in England?

A)There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings

B)Many aristocrats began to move into Roman-style villas

C)Aristocrats' country houses all had Roman-style gardens

D)Italian architects were hired to design houses and gardens

参考答案

46. D) Open data sharing is conducive to scientific advancement.

47. A) Opposed.

48. C) The belief that research data is private intellectual property.

49. C) The changing attitude of journals and funders.

50. B) benefits sharers and users alike

51. [B] It was unaffordable for ordinary people.

52. [C] They were versed in literature and interested in art.

53. [D] They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture.

54. [B] Europe hardly had any museums before the 19th century.

55. [A] There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings.

六级翻译

唐朝始于618年,终于907年,是中国历史上最灿烂的时期。经过三百年的发展,唐代中国成为世界上最繁荣的强国,其首都长安是世界上最大的都市,这一时期,经济发达,商业繁荣,社会秩序稳定,甚至边境也对外开放,随着城市化的财富的增加,艺术和文学也繁荣起来。李白和杜甫是以作品简洁自然而著称的诗人。他们的诗歌打动了学者和普通人的心,即使在今天,他们的许多诗歌仍广为儿童及成人阅读背诵

普通版:

• Tang Dynasty started in 618 and ended in 907. It was the most glorious time in Chinese history. After developing for 300 years, Tang became the most prosperous country in the world. Its capital, Chang’An, was the biggest city in the world. At this time, economy was developed. Commerce was prosperous. Social order was stable. Even the borders were open to other countries. With urbanization and growing wealth, art and literature also thrived. Li Bai and Du Fu were famous poets. They were famous for their concise and natural works. Their poems touched the hearts of scholars and ordinary people. Even today, many children and adults are still reading and reciting their poems.

进阶版:

• Initiated from AD 618 to AD 907, the Tang dynasty was regarded as the most glorious period of Chinese history. After developing for 300 years, China in Tang dynasty became the most prosperous country in the world, and its capital Chang’an the biggest metropolis. China in this period enjoyed a splendid era with overwhelmingly developed economy and commerce, and the social order also remained stable, even the borders were open to other countries. With the development of urbanization and the accumulation of wealth, art and literature also thrived. Famous poets like Li Bai and Du Fu were known for the concise and neat language in their works. Their poems touched everyone, ranging from scholars to ordinary people. Even today, their poems are still being read and recited by both children and adults.(责任编辑:haoxuee)



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